This is an Application Brief and does not contain a detailed Experimental section.
This application brief demonstrates Oasis PRiME HLB Cartridges in formats suitable for processing samples with or without the need for a vacuum/positive pressure manifold.
Oasis PRiME HLB Cartridges provide rapid sample cleanup of many types of food matrices in food safety analysis. Now, Oasis PRiME HLB cartridges are available in “Plus” format with luer fittings. These versatile cartridge formats are compatible with standard syringes or can be fitted with appropriate reservoirs for use with vacuum or positive pressure manifolds.
Oasis PRiME HLB Cartridges are effective for rapid pass-through cleanup of various food matrices infood safety analyses. These include pesticides in fruits and vegetables, as well as antibiotic residues in meats and fish. For these cleanups, the traditional “Vac” style cartridges are most conveniently used with vacuum manifolds. These cartridges are available in many sizes; the choice is made based on the volume of extract required by the analyst. In addition, the sample cleanup is performed without the cumbersome centrifugation steps required with dispersive cleanup procedures. However, there is also a need for cartridges that can be used for pass-through cleanup without a processing manifold.
The Oasis PRiME HLB Sorbent is now available in “Plus” type cartridges. These cartridges are easily connected to a syringe (in a manner similar to a syringe filter). Alternatively, when fitted with an appropriate reservoir, they can be used with vacuum manifolds. Figure 1 shows an Oasis PRiME HLB Cartridge used for pass-through cleanup of QuEChERS spinach extract in the manual mode with a syringe.
In previous studies, good recoveries were shown for a wide variety of pesticides in avocado1 and in spinach2 after cleanup using Oasis PRiME HLB Cartridges in ‘Vac” formats. In this application brief, similar cleanups were performed using Oasis PRiME HLB Cartridges in the “Plus” formats.
QuEChERS Extraction. A 15 g homogenized sample was weighed into a 50 mL centrifuge tube. 15 mL 1:99 acetic acid/acetonitrile were added and the sample was manually shaken for 1 minute. Then, QuEChERS salts (contents of DisQuE Pouch for AOAC QuEChERS, p/n 186006812) were added and the tube was shaken vigorously by hand for 1 minute. After centrifugation (3200 rcf for 5 minutes), portions of the supernatant were taken for cleanup with Oasis PRiME HLB Cartridges.
Cleanup. No cartridge conditioning was performed. A 3 mL syringe was connected for cleanup using Oasis PRiME HLB in the Plus Light format and a 6 mL syringe was connected for cleanup using Oasis PRiME HLB in the Plus Short format. The extract was delivered by syringe in a manner to obtain a dropwise flow through the cartridge. A vacuum manifold was used for the “Vac” style cartridge formats. For all cartridge types, an initial portion of the QuEChERS extract (supernatant) was sent to waste after passing through the cartridge and a second portion was passed through the cartridge and collected. The volumes used for each type of cartridge are presented in Table 1.
Chlorophyll removal from spinach extracts was monitored using UPLC coupled to a photodiode array detector (PDA). Phospholipid removal from avocado extracts was monitored using UPLC-MS/MS. Pesticide analysis was accomplished using APGC-MS/MS. Details for these analyses are given in references 1 and 2.
No significant difference was seen among all cartridge types tested for any of the relevant cleanup or recovery parameters measured in this study. Phospholipid removal (see Figure 2), chlorophyll removal (see Figure 3), and pesticide recovery (see Figure 4) was virtually the same for “Vac” type cartridges processed using a vacuum manifold, or for “Plus” type cartridges processed by hand via syringe.
The choice of cartridge size is made based on the volume of extract required by the analyst. Figure 5 illustrates this cartridge choice.
720006017, May 2017